Town of Picton
Province of Ontario
BY-LAW NO. 1329
TO SECURE THE SANITARY
The EDITH and LORNE PIERCE
COLLECTION of CANADI ANA
Queens University at Kingston
Town of Picton
Province of Ontario
BY-LAW NO. 1329
TO SECURE THE SANITARY
TOWN OF PICTON
Province of Ontario
By-Law No. 1329
TO SECURE THE SANITARY CONDITION OF BUILDINGS
WHEREAS it is deemed expedient and necessary to regulate and inspect
the Plumbing and Drainage of Buildings within the Town of Picton for
the purrxse of protecting the health of the citizens of the Municipality.
In this By-law:
"Sewer" shall mean a public or private drain laid in a public or private
way and constructed of vitrified clay pipe, brick, cement, or other impervious
material with joints properly cemented together by mortar and laid on
a continuous grade.
"House connection" shall mean that branch of the sewer provided for the
connecting of the sewer with the "house drain" of the individual premises.
"House drain" shall mean that portion of the drainage system which extends
through the cellar or basement and unites the "house connection" to the
sewer — provided outside the premises — with the soil pipe draining the
several fixtures, i.e., the horizontal portion from the soil pipe stack to
the outside of the building.
"Soil pipe" shall mean the vertical portion of the drainage system of four
inches or more internal diameter communicating with one or more fixtures
(i.e., water-closets, urinals, basins, sinks, etc.), and a house drain for the
purpose of conveying the discharge from the fixtures to the drain.
"Waste pipes" shall mean those pipes connecting fixtures other than water
closets or batteries of fixtures other than water closets with the vertical
lines of soil pipe for the purpose of conveying the discharge of the fixtures
"Main vent pipe" shall mean any special pipe or special continuation of
any soil pipe provided to ventilate the drainage system and to prevent trap
siphonage and back pressure.
"Vent pipes" shall mean the smaller air pipes carried back from traps
to the main vent pipe, or outer air.
'"Fixtures" shall mean any receptacle or outlet placed for the purpose of
disposing of waste water, filth or other matter, and connecting with the
soil pipe or house drain of a building.
"Y-branch" shall mean a branch set at 45 degrees from main line.
"Repair of leaks" shall mean such repairs as are necessary to protect
property, but do not involve any extensive changes in construction.
"Sub-soil drain" (weeping drain) shall mean the tile pipe laid without
joints, around the foundation walls of any building, to intercept and provide
drainage for sub-soil water.
"Surface drain" shall mean a connection with a drain to allow egress
of surface water.
"Premises" shall mean any house, tenement, block, warehouse, school, hotel,
theatre, factory or building, either public or private.
"Water department" shall mean the water department or water commission
controlling the water supply of any municipality.
BE IT THEREFORE ENACTED by the Municipal Council of the Town
of Picton as follows: —
(1) That upon and immediately after the passing of this by-law and in
every ensuing year, every person or firm wishing to do any kind of work
in connection with plumbing in the Town of Picton shall be required to
obtain a plumbing license from the Town Clerk, and, if such license be
issued by the Town Clerk as hereinafter referred to, the license fee shall
be $5.00 for a master plumber having a place of business in Picton, and
$25.00 for any master plumber whose place of business is located outside
of Picton. Any repairs or installation may be made by the owner of his
property, providing his work is inspected and passed by the Plumbing In-
(2) Every applicant for a plumbing license shall file with the Town Clerk
information in writing giving the name of the firm and each member thereof,
place of business and qualifications, and experience generally in connection
with plumbing work; and shall furnish the Town Clerk with satisfactory
evidence of his responsibility and that he himself is a practical plumber
or that he will employ a sufficient number of practical and experienced
plumbers to do all plumbing work which he may engage to do; and that
he will not permit or allow any work to be done by or for him in connection
with his business, except by such competent workmen; and that he will
conform to all the terms and conditions relating to plumbing, drainage,
sanitary matters and water service contained in this by-law, and in any
other by-law in force from time to time in the said Town and in any
rules and regulations adopted by the Municipal Council of the said Town;
and no license shall be granted to any plumber unless the Municipal
Council as represented by the Town Clerk is satisfied as to the credentials,
reputation and ability of the applicant.
(3) That any plumber, or firm of plumbers, who shall be guilty of any
violation of the provisions of this by-law, or of any of the rules and
regulations prescribed by the said Council, respecting plumbing, drainage,
sanitary matters and water service, shall forfeit his license and shall
be subject to the penalties in the last section of this by-law provided.
(4) That all licensed plumbers shall be held responsible for all acts of
their agents or employees done by virtue of their said license.
(5) That no license shall be granted for a longer period than one year
or the unexpired portion thereof, and all licenses shall expire on the 31st
day of December of each year unless sooner revoked.
(6) That any plumber whose license shall be declared forfeited for a
violation of the provisions of this or any other by-law relating to plumbing,
drainage, sanitary matters or water service, or the rules and regulations
relating thereto prescribed by the Council, shall not again be entitled to a
license until the said declaration of forfeiture shall be revoked by the
(7) That the Council may, by resolution from time to time, appoint an
Inspector of Plumbing.
(8) That any Inspector appointed for that purpose, shall, have the right,
and they are, and each and every one of them is, hereby authorized and
empowered to enter upon and into any premises at all reasonable hours
and from time to time as occasion may require, for the purpose of enforc-
ing compliance with the provisions of this or any other by-law, or the
rules and regulations prescribed by the said Council, and which may at
any time be in force in the said Town, licensing and regulating plumbers
and plumbing, sanitary and drainage matters and water service.
(9) No plumber shall engage in or work at the business of master or
employing plumber, unless he shall first duly register his name and place
of business, and secure a license from the Town Clerk as herein mentioned,
and no person shall display a sign or otherwise advertise as a plumber
unless he shall have been registered as such. Every master plumber shall
conspicuously display his certificate or license within his place of business.
PERMITS, FLANS AND SPECIFICATIONS
(10) Every plumber before doing any work in a building, shall, except
in a case of repairs or leaks, file in the Office of the Plumbing Inspector
upon blanks for that purpose, an application for a permit, and where
requested a plan or sketch of the work to be performed, and no such work
shall be done in any building without a written permit from the said
Plumbing Inspector. A fee of One Dollar ($1.00) for the permit, inspection
and testing for the work including one to six fixtures; and Twenty-five
Cents (25c) for each additional fixture shall be charged. Before any part
of a drain can be constructed or extended, the plumber shall apply to
the Inspector for a permit, and the sum of $1.00 shall be paid for such
permit and for the inspection of the completed drain. Such drain shall
not be covered until the same shall have been inspected and accepted
by the Inspector. Where work is found defective, the Inspector may charge
One Dollar ($1.00) for each extra inspection necessitated.
DUTIES OF PLUMBING INSPECTOR
(11) The Plumbing Inspector shall consider all applications for permits,
and report thereon.
(12) All tests of plumbing shall be made in the presence of the duly
(13) The Plumbing Inspector shall report annually to the Municipal
Council as to: — (1) The number of licensed plumbers in the Town; (2)
the number of permits issued; (3) the number of inspections made; and
(4) the number of premises not connected to sewers and the number of
new premises connected.
CAST IRON PIPE
(14) All cast iron pipes, including the hub, used for soil, waste and vent
pipes shall weigh not less than the following average weights per length
of five feet, and shall be sound, cylindrical and smooth, thoroughly coated
inside and outside with linseed oil or other coating as the Provincial Board
of Health from time to time may approve of. In addition, pipe and fittings
to be placed underground shall be coated inside and out with coal tar
applied hot or other coating approved by the Provincial Board of Health.
WEIGHTS OF CAST IRON FOR UNDERGROUND
(15) Diameter of Pipe Weight per Five Feet
2-inches 27 y 2 lbs.
3-inches 47M> "
4-inches 65 "
WEIGHTS OF CAST IRON SOIL WASTE OR VENT PIPES
(16) 2-inch inside diameter 20 lbs.
3-inch " " 30 "
4-inch " 45 "
5-inch " " 85 "
6-inch " " 100 "
(17) Brass ferrules shall be of the best quality, bell- shaped, heavy cast
brass, not less than four and one-half inches long and two and one-quarter
inches; three and one-quarter inches and four and one-quarter inches
in diameter, and of not less than the following weights: —
Inside Diameters Weights
2% inches 1 pound 8 ounces
3% " 1 " 12
4% " 2 " 8 "
(l^-inch ferrules shall not be used.)
(18) Soldering nipples shall be of heavy cast brass or of brass pipe,
iron pipe size. If cast, they should be of not less than the following
iy 2 inches 8 ounces
2 " 14
2 J / 2 " 1 pound 6 ounces
3 " 2 pounds
4 3 pounds 8 ounces
WROUGHT IRON PIPE
(19) Galvanized wrought iron pipe shall be of not less than the following
thickness and weight per lineal foot:
i 1 /*
Weights per Lin. Foot
(20) Lead pipe used for branch soil waste, vent or flush pipes shall not
weigh less than the following specified weights per lineal yard:
Diameter of Pipe Weights per Lineal Yard
1% inches 7 pounds
Ifc " 8
2 " ioy 2
2V 2 " 13M>
3 " I6V2
4 " 24
(Equivalent to sheet lead weight 8 lbs. per Sq. Ft.)
(21) Lead bends and lead traps for water-closets, slop sinks and urinals
shall not be less than one-eighth of an inch in thickness (equivalent to
sheet lead weight 8 lbs. per sq. ft.). All lead traps, bends and fittings shall
correspond in weight and quality to the lead waste pipe to which they are
IV2 inches 8 pounds
2 " ioy 2
2V 2 " 13M>
3 " 16V 2
4 " 24
(Equivalent to sheet lead weight 8 lbs. per sq. ft.)
HOUSE CONNECTIONS WITH PUBLIC SEWERS
(22) House connections with the public sewer, and all fittings and other
material used for such connections shall be inspected by the Plumbing
(23) Old house connections can be used in connection with the new
building or new plumbing only when they are found, on examination by
the Plumbing Inspector, to conform in all respects to the requirements
governing new house connections.
(24) When a proper foundation consisting of a natural bed of earth,
rock, etc., can be obtained, the house connection may be of vitrified tile
pipe. Where the ground is made or rilled in, or where the pipes are less
than three feet deep, or in any case where there is danger of settlement
by frost or from any cause, the house connection must be of cast iron
pipe, with lead caulked joints. Where the foundation is found to be soft,
pipes must be laid on planks.
(25) No house connection shall be laid with a less fall than one-quarter
inch per foot. A uniform grade shall be preserved between the connection
with the public sewer and the curb line, and between the curb line and
the building line. The house connection must be run as direct as possible.
All changes in direction must be made with proper fittings, and all con-
nections made with Y-branches, and Y-branches and one-eighth bends.
Where it is found that it is impossible to lay pipe with a grade of quarter
inch per foot, the Inspector may give permission to lay the pipe with less
(26) No person shall connect or cause to be connected, the drainage
system of any building, lot, premises or establishment, otherwise than with
that portion of the public sewer system intended for it, as shown by the
records in the office of the Town Clerk.
(27) No person shall cut or tap or cause to be cut or tapped, any public
sewer in which there exists a branch or junction opposite to the building,
lot, premises, or establishment, to be connected that is within two (2) feet,
on the down side, of the trench on proposed connection. Information con-
cerning the location and depth of public sewer, and the position of branches
and junctions, shall be furnished when requested.
(28) Whenever it has ueen positively ascertained that no availably located
branch, junction or suitable inlet exists to serve the property concerned, the
connection shall be made by taking out a length of pipe and substituting
therefor a branch of the proper size.
(29) If the house connection be of vitrified tile, not more than four
inches in diameter, and the public sewer (8) inches or more in diameter,
the connection may be made by tapping a hole of the smallest practicable
size in the public sewer, and the connection shall be made by means of a
connecting thimble of approved pattern. The tap and connection shall be
inspected before the same is cemented. The thimble shall be properly set
as to direction of flow.
(30) All connections shall be inspected by the Plumbing Inspector making
the inspections on same.
(31) If the public sewer be a vitrified tile sewer, or a connection is to
be made in a manhole, the entrance hole into the same shall be cut in
prescribed manner, and the connection made by means of a short piece
of pipe of the prescribed diameter, so cut that the pipe shoulder shall rest
against the outer surface of the sewer and no portion extend within it.
(32) Every house connection shall be laid true to line and grade, each
section of the pipe being properly bedded. If laid with iron pipe the
joints must be caulked; if laid with vitrified tile pipe, the joints must be
made with mortar composed of one part Portland Cement or equivalent,
and two and one-half parts clean sand, the pipes shall be laid upon a firm
foundation and the joints properly cleaned on the inside.
(33) No person shall make or cause to be made or maintained, any
connection with any public sewer or house drain, or appurtenance thereof,
for the purpose of conveying into the same any suffocating corrosive, inflam-
mable, or explosive liquid, gas, vapor, substance, or deleterious material
of any kind; and no person shall do any act or thing which may impede
or obstruct the flow, or interfere with the free discharge or ventilation
of any house drain or appurtenance thereof. Rain water leaders, overflow
pipes from cisterns, or tanks, or from artesian wells, blow-off pipes from
steam boilers, or water pipes from steam engines or heaters shall in no
case drain into the connection, sewer or underdrain.
(34) During the installation of the sewerage system in the Town, the
Municipality is prepared to install house sewer connections from the street
sewer to the property line of the premises to be drained upon application
of the Owner to the Town Clerk for the installation of such connection.
The Owner shall pay for the connection from the street line to the house
or building to be served directly to the contractor or plumber installing
the same, which connection shall be installed according to the provisions
of this by-law.
HOUSE DRAIN AND MAIN VENT PIPE
(35) The house drain unless otherwise provided, shall be of extra heavy
cast iron or vitrified tile where horizontal, medium cast iron where vertical,
and shall be not less than four (4) inches in diameter, and the fall to
the sewer shall be on an even grade of not less than one-quarter of an
inch per foot throughout its entire length. It shall be laid in a trench
cut to a uniform grade, or if above the surface, it may be supported on
brick piers or suspended from the floor beams by heavy iron or steel
hangers. It shall commence at a point not less than three (3) feet outside
the external wall of the premises and be extended undiminished in size
inside the building, and continued on as a vertical soil pipe and main vent
pipe through the roof at least 12" on a slant roof, and 2' 6" on a flat roof,
and not less than three feet above the top of any window or opening
within fifteen feet, and not less than eight feet above the roof if the roof
is used for drying clothes, or as a roof garden, and be left open so that
the whole of the plumbing system may be thoroughly and constantly
(36) The house drain shall not be exposed to pressure where it passes
through the wall.
(37) The junctions of all soil or waste pipes with the roof of any building
shall be made water-tight and weather proof with a five pound sheet lead
flashing not less than 20 inches square. If sleeve is used, sleeve flashing
shall extend 10 inches up the pipe and shall be of 5 lb. sheet lead.
(38) To protect against freezing all vent pipes shall be increased to 3
inches in diameter before passing through the roof of the building.
CLEANOUTS AND CLEANING OUT SCREWS
(39) A cleaning out screw shall be placed on the house drain as close
as possible to the point where it leaves the building and on the inside
of the foundation wall, and shall be formed by placing a full "Y" on the
drain and extended at least 3" above finished floor level and so placed
as to be readily accessible.
(40) Cleaning out screw shall be provided at the foot of all vertical lines
of soil and waste pipes, and at all changes in direction; distance between
cleanouts should not exceed twenty-five (25) feet.
(41) The cleaning out screw and ferrule on house traps, drains and stacks
6hall be of the same diameter as the pipes to which they are attached,
except where the drains or stacks are more than four inches in diameter
in which case the cleaning out screw shall not be less than four (4) inches.
(42) Cleanouts fitted for cast iron shall be properly jointed into a hub.
In no case shall they be fitted into a plain piece of pipe.
(43) All cleanouts shall be of an approved pattern, the covers of which
shall be made of brass (except Barrett cleanouts), at least 3-16 inches
in thickness, the covers of which shall have a solid cast square head of
iy 2 inches and one-inch in height; they shall be screwed and made air-
tight by the use of a suitable gasket. Barrett or Malcolm fitting covers
may be made of cast iron held in place by brass bolts and brass nuts and
made air-tight by means of a rubber gasket.
SOIL, WASTE AND VENT PIPES
(44) All house drain, soil, waste or vent pipes shall be of cast iron, gal-
vanized wrought iron or brass, except for branch waste and vent pipes
which may be constructed of lead.
(45) Galvanized wrought iron two-inches and less in diameter may
be used for branch vent pipes.
(46) The diameter of soil and waste pipes shall not be less than those
specified in the following tables:
Main soil pipes 4
Branch soil pipes 4
Main waste pipes 2
Branch waste pipes for kitchen sinks, baths, or laundry tubs V/ 2
Branch waste pipes for three or more fixtures 2
Branch waste pipes for lavatory basins l 1 /^
(47) No branch waste pipes for other fixtures shall be less than one and
one-quarter inches in diameter.
(48) In large buildings, or when batteries of fixtures are used, the sizes
of pipes shall be approved by the Plumbing Inspector.
(49) The arrangement of drain, soil, waste and vent pipes shall be as
direct as possible, and all horizontal pipes shall be run on a uniform grade
of one-half inch to the foot where possible, but in no case should the
grade be less than one-quarter inch to the foot. Off-sets will only be
permitted when unavoidable, and should be made at an angle of not less
than 45 degrees.
(50) When wrought iron pipes are used for soil, waste or vent pipes, it
shall be galvanized and free from scale, the burr formed on the inside by
cutting shall be carefully reamed out to the full size of the pipe and be
threaded with a full tapering thread and brought up butt to the shoulder
of recess in the fittings.
(51) Waste pipes from baths and basins will not be allowed to connect
to a lead pipe water closet bend, but must be connected directly to the
stack. If the water closet bend is made of cast iron, one waste pipe may
be connected to it to drain a bath tub or basin, but the other fixture must
be connected directly to the soil pipe or stack through a special 2 -inch
opening on a T Y.
(52) No waste pipe from any refrigerator, ice box, cold storage or other
receptacle in which foodstuffs are kept shall be connected direct to any
drain, soil or waste pipe, but such waste pipe shall discharge into an open
water supply fixture or floor drain properly trapped and vented. Refrigerator
wastes shall be separately trapped, and so arranged as to permit of frequent
flushing and be as short as possible. When two or more refrigerator waste
pipes are connected together or to a stack they may be extended through
the roof of premises for ventilation.
(53) All vertical pipes and stacks shall be properly supported at their
base and at intervals of not more than fifteen feet (15 feet). All horizontal
cast iron pipes shall be supported at intervals of not more than five feet
(5 feet) by iron or steel pipe hangers or on brick piers. All horizontal
lead pipes shall have continuous supports throughout their entire length.
(54) T's may be used on the vent system.
(55) No double hub or double TY shall be used on horizontal runs, nor
shall double hubs or straight crosses be used on soil or waste pipes. Double
hubs may be used in the main soil or ventilating pipe above the highest
fixture or fresh air inlet, and a TY may be used as specifically noted on
(56) All fixtures other than water-closets and urinals shall have strong
metallic strainers or bars over the outlets to prevent obstruction of waste
(57) All fixtures shall be set free and open from all enclosing woodwork.
(58) All fixtures must be constructed of satisfactory materials. Metal-
lined wooden fixtures are prohibited.
(59) All receptacles used for water-closets, urinals, or slop sinks shall
be either virtrified earthenware, enamelled cast iron, or porcelain. If cast
iron, they shall also be enamelled or coated on the outside with a non-
absorbent and non-corrosive paint.
(60) All water-closets and urinals shall be fitted with either siphon dis-
charge, flush, pressure tank, connected by not less than one and one-
quarter inch diameter pipe, automatic flushing valve or flusho-metre of
approved type, and shall have a flushing capacity of not less than three
gallons for water-closets and not less than one gallon for urinals.
(61) All water-closets and urinals shall be provided with flushing rims
so constructed as to flush the entire surface of the bowl, and with such
force as shall properly cleanse the surface. A stop cock in every case
shall be installed in the supply pipe of the said fixtures.
(62) Pan, valve, plunger, long hopper, washout hopper, or other closet
having invisible seals or the walls of which are not thoroughly washed at
each discharge of water are prohibited.
(63) Frost-proof closets may only be installed in compartments which
have no direct connection with any building used for human habitation
and only with approval of the Provincial Board.
(64) No closet or other convenience which allows of the escape of gas
or air from any of its parts or from the drain, soil or waste pipe connected
with it, or which allows of any accumulation of filth in or about it, shall
be fitted up or used.
(65) All fittings shall correspond in weight and quality with the pipes to
which they are attached. Special fittings not provided for in these regu-
lations but approved of by the Provincial Board of Health and the Plumbing
Inspector may be used in any part of the system.
(66) Fittings for wrought iron vent pipes shall be galvanized, cast iron
or malleable iron recessed and threaded fittings.
(67) Fittings for waste, soil or refrigerator waste pipes for wrought iron
or brass pipe shall be galvanized, cast iron or brass, recessed and threaded
drainage fittings, with smooth interior water way and thread tapped so
as to give a uniform grade to branches of not less than one-quarter (%)
of an inch per foot.
(68) No connection to any cast or wrought iron drain, soil or waste pipe
shall be made by boring or tapping the pipes or by a saddle, and no inverted
joint shall be used below any fixture.
(69) No pipe hub shall be used as an increaser. Increasing or reducing
in size must be made with a proper fitting.
(70) All changes in direction of horizontal pipes shall be made with full
"Y" branches and one-sixth, one-eighth or one-sixteenth bends, "TY's"
may be used on vertical soil and waste lines when it is impossible to use
a "Y" branch, but are prohibited on horizontal lines.
(71) One-quarter bends may be used on the vent system.
(72) Water-closet, urinal or slop sink connections, between cast iron
traps and lead bends shall be made by a cast brass flange, not less than
3-16 inches thick, fastened to the floor and soldered to the opening of
the lead bend, and the joint made gas and water-tight with a gasket of
rubber or asbestos.
(73) Every fixture shall be separately and effectually trapped by a self-
cleaning trap, having a water seal of not less than 2 inches. The trap shall
be placed as close to the outlet of the fixture as possible, but in no case
shall it be more than 12 inches from such outlet, except with the approval
of the Inspector.
(74) The size of trap for a given fixture shall never be less than the
following inside diameter, and no slip or washer joint shall be placed on
the sewer side of any trap or vent pipe:
Slop sink 2
Pedestal urinal 2
Urinal V/ 2
Laundry tub (1 to 3 (considered one fixture) \ l / 2
Kitchen sink l l / 2
Bath tub iy 2
Shower bath 2
Drinking fountain 1&
Dental cuspidor 1^4
Wash basin 1%
Pantry V/ 2
All 1%" traps shall be of deep seal patterns.
(75) Non-siphon traps of patterns approved by Provincial Board of Health
may be used without a vent pipe.
(76) There shall be only one trap under a water closet and that immedi-
ately beneath same, viz., that which constitutes part of the water closet
(77) No fixture shall drain through more than one trap.
(78) Traps shall not be less than the size of the waste to which they
are attached and equal in quality and thickness.
(79) All traps, where practical, shall have water-tight trap screws, except
earthenware traps, and be so located as to be easily accessible.
(80) Vent horns on earthenware traps are prohibited, except for replace-
ment of old fixtures of that type (i.e. repairs).
(81) The trap of every fixture shall be protected from siphonage and
back pressure by an anti-siphon or vent pipe which shall, where possible,
be constructed on the continuous waste and vent principle; the inlet of
such traps shall not be more than 14 -inches from such continuous waste
and vent, and where such is impracticable, the vent shall be taken off the
waste pipe at least 3 inches from the crown of the trap, and shall be con-
nected to branch vent at least 6 inches above the high water line of fixture
(82) The diameters of vent pipes shall not be less than 2 inches for main
vents through less than seven stories; 3 inches for water-closets on more
than three floors, and for other fixtures in more than seven stories. All vent
pipes shall be increased one size in diameter before passing through the
roof, and shall not be less than 3 inches in diameter.
(83) All main vents shall connect at their base with the main soil or
waste pipe below the lowest fixture in such a manner as to prevent the
accumulation of rust scale and shall be extended through the roof and
finished as per section, or may re-connect to the main soil pipe at a point
at least 6 inches above the highest fixture connected therewith.
(84) No vent pipe shall be used as a soil or waste pipe.
(85) No vent pipe shall be allowed to connect to another vent pipe below a
point at least 6 inches above the fixture for which it is used.
(86) Vent pipes may be one size less than the size of the trap which they
serve, and in no case shall be less than 1% inches.
(87) Vent pipes for water-closets shall be connected to the highest point
of the bend or of the hub to which the bend connects, and must be at least
2 inches in diameter. Closet vents into which other vents are connected
shall be 3 inches in diameter.
(88) No wrought iron pipe will be allowed below the top of cellar floor
or to be buried under the earth.
(89) All vent pipes shall be run as direct as practicable, and be so graded
and connected that any condensation will drain back to the waste pipe.
All offsets shall, where practicable, be made at an angle of forty-five degrees.
(90) No vent pipe is required to be installed for fixtures located within
five feet of the soil pipe or stack; or the length of an un vented horizontal
waste may be five feet, measured horizontally from the vertical inlet of the
trap to the stack opening.
(91) All joints between lead pipes and between lead or brass pipes, traps,
ferrules or solder nipples shall be wiped joints. In no case shall bolt joints
be allowed. All joints between iron and lead shall be made with brass wiped
to the lead and caulked or screwed into the iron.
(92) All joints on cast iron pipes shall be made with picked oakum and
molten lead run full, thoroughly caulked, and shall be made gas and water-
tight. The joint shall have a depth of lead not less than iy 2 inches.
(93) All joints on wrought iron pipes shall be screwed joints made up
with red lead, paint or other suitable substance, and be made gas and water-
tight, and any burr formed in cutting shall be carefully reamed out.
(94) All connections of lead pipe with cast iron shall be made with brass
ferrules having inside diameters not less than the outside diameter of the
led pipe to which they are to be attached.
(95) No cement joints nor connections between iron and cement or tile
pipe or brick drains shall be made within any building.
WATER SUPPLY PIPES, TAPS AND COCKS
(96) All water supply pipe for a plumbing system shall be galvanized
wrought iron, lead, brass or copper, with galvanized, malleable, or cast iron
or brass water fittings.
(97) Every tap or cock on a supply pipe shall be capable of resisting a
pressure of at least three hundred pounds to the square inch.
(98) Every tap or cock shall be made of gun metal or hard brass, or of
other not less suitable metal or alloy, and shall be of sufficient strength
and weight in every part.
(99) There shall be a shut-off and drip on the main supply inside the
RAIN LEADERS AND DRAINS
(100) Rain water leaders must not be used as soil, waste or vent pipes,
nor shall any such pipe be used as a leader.
(101) Roof leaders and surface and ground water drains shall not be
connected to house sewers which discharge into public sewers intended for
the carriage of sanitary sewage only; a sub-surface drain for ground water
only built around or immediately adjacent to building foundation walls may
be connected direct to any public sewer, or to the house connection at
such point, and in such manner as the Inspector may designate.
LEADERS AND CELLAR DRAINS
(102) Rain water leaders when connected with house drains shall be
suitably trapped. Whenever a surface drain is installed in a cellar or
basement, it shall be provided with a deep seal trap. Drain pipes from
cellars and basements, liable to back-flow from the sewer, shall be supplied
with back water valves. No back water valve shall be so placed as to inter-
fere with the ventilation, the plumbing or drainage system.
(103) Drinking fountains, manufactured for this purpose only, placed
on walls and pedestals may be directly connected to a rain water leader
on the building side of a trap without requiring a separate trap or vent.
But, if connected to a house drain or soil pipe, they shall be considered
a plumbing fixture and shall be properly trapped and vented.
GREASE AND OTHER SPECIAL TRAPS
(104) Every building from which, in the opinion of the Inspector, grease
may be discharged in such quantities as to clog to injure the sewer, shall
be provided with a satisfactory grease trap.
(105) Every building in which gasoline, naptha, or other inflammable
compounds are used for business purposes, shall be provided with a special
trapped receiver, satisfactory to the Inspector, so designed as to prevent
the passage of such material into the sewer, and ventilated.
(106) The waste pipe of every wash rack for vehicles shall be provided
with a sand box of sufficient capacity.
WATER-CLOSET AND URINAL COMPARTMENTS
(107) No water-closet or urinal shall be placed in any cellar unless such
cellar or basement has a cement floor or other material impervious to
moisture, and is well lighted with natural and artificial light, and has
easy means of access, and all such closets or urinals shall be of the flush
type and non-soil type.
(108) The floors of all water-closets and urinals in office buildings, rail-
way stations, public buildings, hotels and schools shall be constructed of
materials impervious to moisture, and laid with a grade not less than one
in fifty to central floor drains, conveniently located.
(109) All water-closets, urinals and slop sinks when in a separate com-
partment must be supplied with a local ventilation pipe having an area
equal to a pipe three inches in diameter and connected to a heated flue.
The area of main or common flues shall be increased proportionately when
a number of local vent pipes combine.
INSPECTION AND TESTS
(110) Pipes or other fixtures shall not be covered or concealed from view
until approved by the Inspector, who shall cause the same to be examined
or reported upon within two working days after notice that they are ready
(111) Plumbing shall not be used unless, when roughed in, the wastes,
vents, and back air pipes and traps are tested in the presence of an Inspector.
(112) The material and labor for the tests shall be furnished by the plumber.
(113) The results of every inspection shall be recorded.
(114) The water test shall be applied in the first instance by closing the
opening at the outlet end of the house drain, and all other openings in the
piping with proper testing plugs to the highest opening, and completely
filling the system with water, the water column to be left standing at least
(115) A final smoke test shall be made to determine the sanitary condition
of the drainage or plumbing system of all buildings if there is reason to
believe that the plumbing system has become dangerous or defective on
account of settlement of the building or by explosion, accident or any other
(116) Smoke Test. The smoke machine shall be connected to any suit-
able opening or outlet and when the system is completely filled with dense
pungent smoke; and the openings emit smoke, they shall be closed and
an air pressure equivalent to one and one-half inch (l 1 /^") water column
shall be applied and left standing at least ten (10) minutes. If there is
no ieaKage or forcing of trap seals, indicated by the fluctuation of the
drumfloat, the system shall be deemed air or gas-tight. But nothing in
this section shall be so construed as to prevent the removal of any clean-
out or unsealing of trap, to ascertain if the smoke has reached all parts of
(117) If test shows defects, the plumber shall be given two days notice
to make good the defects. Failure on the part of the plumber to make good
all defects shall make him liable to the penalties prescribed by this by-law.
(118) Tests shall not be required after the repairing or replacing of any
old fixture, tap or cock by a new one (to be used for the same purpose),
forcing out stoppages, repairing leaks, or relieving frozen pipes and fittings;
but such repairs or alterations shall not be construed to include cases where
new vertical or horizontal lines of soil, waste, vent or interior rain leaders
are used or their relative positions changed. Provided, in a building con-
demned by the Health Officer because of unsanitary condition of the house
drainage or plumbing, no such drainage shall be considered as coming
under the head of repairs, but all such house drainage or plumbing shall
be tested as in the case of new buildings.
(119) The plumbing and drainage system of all premises shall be main-
tained by the Owner at all times in good working order in conformity with
these regulations and to the satisfaction of the Inspector.
(120) This by-law is passed subject to the approval of the Department
of Health of the Province of Ontario.
(121) Any person convicted of a breach of any of the provisions of
this by-law shall forfeit and pay at the discretion of the convicting magis-
trate, a penalty not exceeding the sum of Fifty Dollars ($50.00) (exclusive
of costs) for each offence.
Passed this 5th day of July, 1949.
(Sgnd.) WM. HENLEY, Mayor.
(Sgnd) F. L. WARD, Clerk.
ONTARIO DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH
Per A. E. Berry
September 1st, 1949